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By Olivier Roy

The denunciation of fundamentalism in France, embodied within the legislation opposed to the veil and the deportation of imams, has shifted right into a systematic assault on all Muslims and Islam. This hostility is rooted within the trust that Islam can't be built-in into French—and, hence, secular and liberal-society. although, as Olivier Roy makes transparent during this publication, Muslim intellectuals have made it attainable for Muslims to stay concretely in a secularized international whereas retaining the identification of a "true believer." they've got formulated a language that acknowledges areas: that of faith and that of secular society.

Western society is not able to acknowledge this method, Roy argues, as a result of a cultural bias that assumes spiritual perform is embedded inside of a selected, conventional tradition that needs to be both erased completely or pressured to coexist in a impartial, multicultural house. in its place, Roy indicates that new types of religiosity, akin to Islamic fundamentalism and Christian evangelicalism, have come to thrive in post-traditional, secular contexts accurately simply because they continue to be indifferent from any cultural heritage.

In spotting this, Roy recasts the controversy relating Islam and democracy. examining the French case specifically, during which the stress among Islam and the belief of Western secularism is exacerbated, Roy makes vital differences among Arab and non-Arab Muslims, hegemony and tolerance, and the function of the umma and the sharia in Muslim non secular existence. He pits Muslim non secular revivalism opposed to related hobbies within the West, similar to evangelical Protestantism and Jehovah's Witnesses, and refutes the parable of a unmarried "Muslim group" through detailing various teams and their lack of ability to beat their modifications.

Roy's infrequent portrait of the realities of immigrant Muslim existence bargains an important replacement to the preferred specter of an "Islamic threat." assisting his arguments together with his broad examine on Islamic historical past, sociology, and politics, Roy brilliantly demonstrates the boundaries of our realizing of latest Islamic non secular perform within the West and the position of Islam as a reveal onto which Western societies undertaking their very own identification crisis.

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